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Amateur Press Association - The Literary Underground Wiki

Amateur Press Association

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(Created page with "An '''amateur press association''' ('''APA''') is a group of people who produce individual pages or magazines that are sent to a Central Mailer for collation and distribution to ...")
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==History==
==History==
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The first APAs were formed by groups of amateur printers. The earliest to become more than a small informal group of friends was the [[National Amateur Press Association]] (NAPA) founded February 19, 1876 by Evan Reed Riale and nine other members in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.<ref>Smith, Burton J.. "[http://www.amateurpress.org/ajhist/begin.htm National Amateur Press Association The First 100 Years: In the Beginning...]". National Amateur Press Association. Retrieved 27 August 2010.</ref> It is still running in 2011.
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The first APAs were formed by groups of amateur printers. The earliest to become more than a small informal group of friends was the '''National Amateur Press Association''' (NAPA) founded February 19, 1876 by Evan Reed Riale and nine other members in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.<ref>Smith, Burton J.. "[http://www.amateurpress.org/ajhist/begin.htm National Amateur Press Association The First 100 Years: In the Beginning...]". National Amateur Press Association. Retrieved 27 August 2010.</ref> It is still running in 2011.
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The first British APA was the [[British Amateur Press Association]] founded in 1890. This is a different organisation from that launched by comics fans in 1978 (see below).
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The first British APA was the '''British Amateur Press Association''' founded in 1890. This is a different organisation from that launched by comics fans in 1978 (see below).
The second United States APA was the '''United Amateur Press Association''' (UAPA) founded in 1895 by a group of teenagers including William H. Greenfield (aged 14) and Charles W. Heins (aged 17).<ref>[http://www.thefossils.org/horvat/aj/organizations/uapa.htm United Amateur Press Association, 1890 to date] The Fossils, 27 August 2010</ref> This became a confederation of small amateur publishers which split into two organisations known interchangeably as UAP and UAAPA. The American Amateur Press Association (AAPA) was formed in 1936 by a secession from what was then called UAPAA.
The second United States APA was the '''United Amateur Press Association''' (UAPA) founded in 1895 by a group of teenagers including William H. Greenfield (aged 14) and Charles W. Heins (aged 17).<ref>[http://www.thefossils.org/horvat/aj/organizations/uapa.htm United Amateur Press Association, 1890 to date] The Fossils, 27 August 2010</ref> This became a confederation of small amateur publishers which split into two organisations known interchangeably as UAP and UAAPA. The American Amateur Press Association (AAPA) was formed in 1936 by a secession from what was then called UAPAA.
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The first [[science fiction]] APA was the [[Fantasy Amateur Press Association]] (FAPA) formed by a group of [[science fiction fandom|science fiction fans]] in 1937.  It continues to be active in 2012.  SAPS, the [[Spectator Amateur Press Society]], started in 1947 and is still active in 2012.  VAPA, The Vanguard Amateur Press Association, formed in 1945 and lasted until 1950.
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The first science fiction APA was the '''Fantasy Amateur Press Association''' (FAPA) formed by a group of science fiction fans in 1937.  It continues to be active in 2012.  SAPS, the Spectator Amateur Press Society, started in 1947 and is still active in 2012.  VAPA, The Vanguard Amateur Press Association, formed in 1945 and lasted until 1950.
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The first comics APA was started by [[Jerry Bails]] in 1964 in the United States. Called [[CAPA-alpha]] (sometimes abbreviated to K-a) it grew to its present limit of 40 members. It has become the archetype for most subsequent comics APAs. Its members have included Dwight Decker,  [[Mark Evanier]], [[Carl Gafford]], [[Fred Patten]], [[Richard Pini|Richard]] and [[Wendy Pini]], [[Roy Thomas]], [[Dan Alderson]], [[Rick Norwood]], [[Don Markstein]], and [[Don Thompson (Comics Buyer's Guide)|Don]] and [[Maggie Thompson]]. Michael Barrier's famed animation fanzine ''Funnyworld'' started as a CAPA-alpha contribution.
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The first comics APA was started by Jerry Bails in 1964 in the United States. Called '''CAPA-alpha''' (sometimes abbreviated to K-a) it grew to its present limit of 40 members. It has become the archetype for most subsequent comics APAs. Its members have included Dwight Decker,  Mark Evanier, Carl Gafford, Fred Patten, Richard and Wendy Pini, Roy Thomas, Dan Alderson, Rick Norwood, Don Markstein, and Don Thompson (Comics Buyer's Guide) and Maggie Thompson. Michael Barrier's famed animation fanzine ''Funnyworld'' started as a CAPA-alpha contribution.
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Decker and Gafford were also founding members of the [[minicomics]] [[co-op]] the [[United Fanzine Organization]]. The difference in a co-op and an APA is that an APA is helmed by a central mailer, to whom the members send copies of their publications. The central mailer then compiles all the books into one large volume, which is then mailed out to the membership in "mailings" (called "bundles" by a few APAs). In a co-op, however, there is no central mailer; the members distribute their own works, and are linked by a group newsletter, a group symbol that appears on each member work, and a group checklist in every "member zine."
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Decker and Gafford were also founding members of the minicomics co-op the United Fanzine Organization. The difference in a co-op and an APA is that an APA is helmed by a central mailer, to whom the members send copies of their publications. The central mailer then compiles all the books into one large volume, which is then mailed out to the membership in "mailings" (called "bundles" by a few APAs). In a co-op, however, there is no central mailer; the members distribute their own works, and are linked by a group newsletter, a group symbol that appears on each member work, and a group checklist in every "member zine."
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The first [[Europe]]an comics APA was called [[British Amateur Press Association (comics fandom)|PAPA]] and launched by a group of [[comics]] [[Fan (aficionado)|fan]]s in January 1978. Soon renamed BAPA (for "British APA"), it celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary in 2003, but folded the following summer.
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The first European comics APA was called British Amateur Press Association (comics fandom--PAPA) and launched by a group of comics fans in January 1978. Soon renamed BAPA (for "British APA"), it celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary in 2003, but folded the following summer.
The APA model was picked up by artists in the 1980s.  Groups of artists contributed elements of combined duplicated artworks that omitted the conversational elements of the fandom-based APAs (these pieces are sometimes called "assembly art"). During this same period, a group of British science fiction and comics fans also set up a short-lived "tape APA", contributing music and spoken word to a central anthology.
The APA model was picked up by artists in the 1980s.  Groups of artists contributed elements of combined duplicated artworks that omitted the conversational elements of the fandom-based APAs (these pieces are sometimes called "assembly art"). During this same period, a group of British science fiction and comics fans also set up a short-lived "tape APA", contributing music and spoken word to a central anthology.
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This list is not exhaustive. Unless otherwise stated, these APAs are based in the United States.
This list is not exhaustive. Unless otherwise stated, these APAs are based in the United States.
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* [[Alarums and Excursions]] - [[role-playing game]]s
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* Alarums and Excursions - role-playing games
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* All Of The Above - the game [[GURPS]]
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* All Of The Above - the game GURPS
* ALPS (Amateur Long-Playing Society) - music APA founded by D Potter
* ALPS (Amateur Long-Playing Society) - music APA founded by D Potter
* American Amateur Press Association - Founded in 1936. "The purpose of the association is the promotion of amateur journalism and fellowship of amateur writers, editors, printers, and publishers; and the circulation of their work among the membership."
* American Amateur Press Association - Founded in 1936. "The purpose of the association is the promotion of amateur journalism and fellowship of amateur writers, editors, printers, and publishers; and the circulation of their work among the membership."
* ANZAPA - Australian and New Zealand Amateur Publishing Association - science fiction; Southern hemisphere's oldest APA founded in 1968
* ANZAPA - Australian and New Zealand Amateur Publishing Association - science fiction; Southern hemisphere's oldest APA founded in 1968
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* [[Aotearapa]] - New Zealand's longest running science fiction publication
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* Aotearapa - New Zealand's longest running science fiction publication
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* APA Enterprise - Star Trek, started by Mark Ernst (New Hampshire) roughly 1980.  Alumni include [[Derek McCulloch (comics)|Derek McCulloch]]
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* APA Enterprise - Star Trek, started by Mark Ernst (New Hampshire) roughly 1980.  Alumni include Derek McCulloch
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* Apa Lambda - science fiction; lesbian, [[gay]] and gay-friendly members of science fiction fandom
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* Apa Lambda - science fiction; lesbian, gay and gay-friendly members of science fiction fandom
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* APA-247 - British based APA for Comic featuring [[Legion of Super-Heroes]]
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* APA-247 - British based APA for Comic featuring Legion of Super-Heroes
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* APA-5 - comics; the birthplace of [[Dark Horse Comics]]; alumni include [[Frank Miller (comics)|Frank Miller]], [[Paul Chadwick]] and [[Mark Verheiden]].
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* APA-5 - comics; the birthplace of Dark Horse Comics; alumni include Frank Miller, Paul Chadwick and Mark Verheiden.
* APA-50 - founded by Chris Sherman in 1974, originally for science fiction fans and writers born after 1950.
* APA-50 - founded by Chris Sherman in 1974, originally for science fiction fans and writers born after 1950.
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* APA-B - founded by Britain's [[Birmingham Science Fiction Group]], but later detached and run as The Organisation
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* APA-B - founded by Britain's Birmingham Science Fiction Group, but later detached and run as The Organisation
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* APA-Centauri - general interest; started as science fiction but morphed to a general interest APA (international).  Alumni include [[Derek McCulloch (comics)|Derek McCulloch]]
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* APA-Centauri - general interest; started as science fiction but morphed to a general interest APA (international).  Alumni include Derek McCulloch, [[Nobius Black]] and [[Michele McDannold]].
* APA-F: - science fiction; the first weekly APA (New York City)
* APA-F: - science fiction; the first weekly APA (New York City)
* APA-I: - comic book indexing
* APA-I: - comic book indexing
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* APA-L: - science fiction; the second weekly APA, collated at meetings of the [[Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society]] since 1964. Still running in 2011.
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* APA-L: - science fiction; the second weekly APA, collated at meetings of the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society since 1964. Still running in 2011.
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* APAcalypse - [[role-playing games]]
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* APAcalypse - role-playing games
* APAplexy - Ottawa, Ontario based general-interest APA, started by Farrell McGovern and Marc (The Starwolf) Gerin-Lajoie in 1984.  While the majority of the membership has been from Ottawa, it has had members from several other cities on Canada, as well as from the United States and now one from Brasil. It was spun off TAPA (see entry in this list). Lajoie "[http://www.fanac.org/Fannish_Reference_Works/Fan_terms/Fan_terms-04.html franked]" a flyer by Mr. McGovern in the March 1984 issue of TAPA calling for people interested in forming a new Ottawa based APA.  
* APAplexy - Ottawa, Ontario based general-interest APA, started by Farrell McGovern and Marc (The Starwolf) Gerin-Lajoie in 1984.  While the majority of the membership has been from Ottawa, it has had members from several other cities on Canada, as well as from the United States and now one from Brasil. It was spun off TAPA (see entry in this list). Lajoie "[http://www.fanac.org/Fannish_Reference_Works/Fan_terms/Fan_terms-04.html franked]" a flyer by Mr. McGovern in the March 1984 issue of TAPA calling for people interested in forming a new Ottawa based APA.  
* Apatoons - animation; founded 1981 and still publishing as of April 2008
* Apatoons - animation; founded 1981 and still publishing as of April 2008

Revision as of 12:32, 30 January 2012

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